Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Health Administration


College of Health Professions

First Advisor

Kit N. Simpson

Second Advisor

Brandi M. White

Third Advisor

Jennifer A. Steele

Fourth Advisor

James S Zoller


The National Institute of Health (NIH) has used the term “epidemic” to describe PTSD, with some 7.1 million Americans affected as of 2009. Presently, PTSD is generally treated through a combination of psychotherapy and psychopharmacological approaches; however, alternate approaches such as acupuncture, hypnotherapy, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) have also been inappreciably investigated. Each type of PTSD treatment has varying effectiveness, side effects, and cost. While many individual studies of specific treatments for PTSD are published, there is scarce information on the prevalence of use of treatment modalities for PTSD in current practice. Measuring the distribution of the multiple PTSD treatment options would inform researchers, clinician, and most importantly patients on the frequency, benefits, and cost burden of current modalities currently in use in the United States.


All rights reserved. Copyright is held by the author.