Evidence for the Synthesis and Release of Strongly Immunosuppressive, Noncytotoxic Substances by Streptococcus intermedius
Products secreted by Streptococcus intermedius were studied for their effects on the immune response. Three different preparations of crude extracellular products from S. intermedius (CEP-Si) were found to have powerful suppressor activity in vitro as shown by inhibition of human lymphocyte proliferation (uptake of [3H]thymidine) and protein synthesis in response to a wide variety of stimulants, including mitogens and antigens, and suppression of plaque formation by human cells in response to sheep erythrocytes. CEP-Si was noncytotoxic, because cells incubated with high concentrations of CEP-Si and subsequently washed were viable and recovered their ability to respond to mitogens, and because leukocyte migration was not inhibited by CEP-Si, nor was the release of leukocyte migration inhibitory factor from sensitized lymphocytes. The possibility of antigen or mitogen competition was excluded. The effects of CEP-Si in vitro were time dependent and did not require the presence of monocytes. Cells pretreated with CEP-Si and then washed suppressed plaque formation by fresh autologous cells in highly stimulated cultures. CEP-Si injected into C57BL/6 mice also strongly suppressed their immune response to sheep erythrocytes, and the in vivo suppression was correlated with the effects of CEP-Si in vitro.
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Arala-Chaves, Mario P.; Higerd, Thomas B.; Porto, Maria Teresa; Munoz, Jose; Goust, Jean-Michel; Fudenberg, H. Hugh; and Loadholt, C. Boyd, "Evidence for the Synthesis and Release of Strongly Immunosuppressive, Noncytotoxic Substances by Streptococcus intermedius" (1979). MUSC Faculty Journal Articles. 67.